襤ngilizce’de Edilgen Yap覺 – Passive Voice (YDS Konu Anlat覺m覺)

ED襤LGEN YAPI

1. KULLANIM

襤ngilizce’de “passive” yap覺 “be + V3” yap覺s覺 ile olur. “Be” y羹klemi c羹mlenin zaman覺na uygun

olarak “am, is, are, was, were, be, been” hallerinden birini al覺r. T羹rk癟e’de ise “edilgen” yap覺 “y羹klem +

-Il/In” yap覺s覺 ile oluturulur.



2. ZAMANLAR VE YARDIMCI YKLEMLERDE “PASSIVE”

Simple Present English is spoken in many countries.

Present Continuous The house is being decorated.

Present Perfect She has been informed.

Present Per. Cont. The research has been being done. *

Simple Past I was informed.

Past Continuous I was being followed.

Past Perfect He had been misunderstood.

Past Per. Cont. I had been being questioned for hours. *

Future

will It will be completed on time.

going to They are going to be invited.

continuous You will be being informed soon. *

perfect It will have been opened by next week.

Modal verbs

can can + V3

could could + V3

had better had better + V3

have to have to + V3

may may + V3

might might + V3

must must + V3

need need to + V3

ought to ought to + V3

shall shall + V3

should should + V3

used to used to + V3

would would + V3

would rather would rather + V3

3. “PASSIVE” ANLAM TAIYAN YKLEMLER

Baz覺 y羹klemler, c羹mleye g繹re, “Passive” anlam ta覺yarak kullan覺labilirler.

* ile iaretli olan yap覺lar覺n kullan覺m覺 yoktur.

– Your report reads well.

– The new Ford is selling badly.

– It is a nice material, but it doesn’t wash.

4. “ACTIVE” CMLEN襤N NESNES襤N襤N B襤R “CLAUSE” OLMASI

rneklerde de g繹r羹lecei gibi, “active” bir c羹mlenin nesnesinin bir “clause” olmas覺 durumunda

– People believed (that) the witches communicated with the devil.

CLAUSE

襤nsanlar cad覺lar覺n eytanla iletiim kurduuna inan(覺r)d覺.

bu c羹mle 癟eitli durumlarda “passive” yap覺labilir.

Bu t羹r “passive” c羹mlelere bir dier 繹rnek:

– It was believed that the witches communicated with the devil.

CLAUSE

– The witches were believed to communicate with the devil.

S V

– That the witches communicated with the devil was believed.

S V

Cad覺lar覺n eytanla iletiim kurduuna inan覺l(覺r)d覺.

– Nobody knew whether he was telling the truth.

S V O = CLAUSE

– It was not known whether he was telling the truth.

– Whether he was telling the truth was not known.

5. “INFINITIVE” YAPININ “PASSIVE” HAL襤

5.1. be to + PASSIVE

5.2. “be” + “to be seen / found / congratulated”

5.3. “be + to blame” yap覺s覺 “be + to be blamed” anlam覺nda

5.4. “anything / nothing” + “to do / to be done”

5.5. “supposed to”

gibi bir c羹mle iki tamamen farkl覺 anlam ta覺yabilir:

a) Gereksinim

– These carpets are to be cleaned regularly. (=should be cleaned)

– This form is to be filled in in ink.

Bu formun m羹rekkepli kalemle doldurulmas覺 gerek.

– There is a lot of work to be done.

Yapacak/ Yap覺lacak 癟ok i var.

b) “will” anlam覺nda

– An offer as generous as this one is not to be refused.

Bu kadar c繹mert bir 繹neri reddedilmez.

– He was nowhere to be seen.

Hi癟biryerde g繹r羹lmedi/ Onu g繹ren olmad覺.

– The dog was nowhere to be found.

K繹pek hi癟biryerde bulunamad覺.

– Nobody is to blame for the accident.

Kaza i癟in kimse su癟lanamazd覺./ Kazada kimsenin su癟u yoktu.

– There is nothing to do.

Yapacak hi癟birey yok [bu y羹zden can覺m s覺k覺l覺yor].

– There is nothing to be done.

Yapacak hi癟birey yok. / Elden birey gelmez [o y羹zden at onu gitsin].

– I am supposed to be at home

[1] = Everyone supposes that I’m at home.

Herkes benim evde olduumu san覺yor.

[2] = I should be at home now.

u an evde olmam gerekirdi.

Uygun anlam “balam” yolu ile anla覺labilir.

5.6. “to have been + V3 ”

“to have been + V3” yap覺s覺 “perfect/past” anlam ta覺d覺覺ndan

c羹mlesi T羹rk癟e’ye

eklinde aktar覺labilirken,

c羹mlesi

eklinde T羹rk癟e’ye aktar覺labilir.

5.7. “get + (nesne) + V3”

襤ngilizce’de edilgen yap覺da “be + V3” yerine “get + V3” kullan覺labilmektedir.

– I would like to be invited

Davet edilmeyi isterim. / Keke davet edilsem

– I would like to have been invited

Davet edilmi olmay覺 isterdim. / Keke beni davet etselerdi

– How did the window get broken ?

Cam nas覺l k覺r覺ld覺 ?

– He got his money stolen.

Paras覺n覺 癟ald覺rd覺.

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