襤ngilizce S覺navlar覺nda PARAGRAF VE OKUMA SORULARI 襤襤N NER襤LER

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PARAGRAF VE OKUMA SORULARI 襤襤N NER襤LER

T羹m s覺navlarda (繹zellikle YDS) adaylar覺n en 癟ok 癟ekindikleri b繹l羹mlerden biri okuma sorular覺 ya da paragraf sorular覺 diye adland覺r覺lan k覺s覺md覺r. Bu durumun asl覺nda bir ka癟 temel nedeni var:

  • Kelime bilgisi yetersizlii
  • Soru k繹klerini tan覺mamak
  • 襤ngilizce okuma deneyiminin olamamas覺
  • 覺klar覺 elemeyi bilmemek
  • Paragrafta nereye bakaca覺n覺 bilmemek
  • Zaman覺 Kullanma becerisinin olmamams覺
  • Psikolojik nedenler


METN襤 OKURKEN :

 

  • nce sorular覺 okuyun ve size ne sorulduunu bilin :Sorular覺n tamam覺n覺 akl覺n覺zda tutamazs覺n覺z ama paragraf ile ilgili bir fikriniz olacak ve size ne sorulduunu az 癟ok bileceksiniz.
  • Paragrafta bilmediiniz kelimelerle vakit kaybetmeyin
  • G繹rd羹羹n羹z bala癟lar覺n alt覺n覺 癟izin (Therefore, because, However…)
  • Ana fikre odaklan覺n, detaylara tak覺lmay覺nSORULARI OKURKEN B襤LMEN襤Z GEREKENLERParagraf ve Okuma sorular覺nda 2 tip soru t羹r羹 vard覺r.1) Direkt Bilgi sorular覺: Ne zaman, Kim, Nerede, Hangi vb. Bu sorularda yorum yap覺lamaz ve direk metinden cevaplar bulunabilir. (bu sorular ka癟maz)

    rnek Soru K繹kleri:
    According to the writer/ author,…
    Ⅹ According to the passage
    Ⅹ It is stated in the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is argued in the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is suggested in the passage that
    Ⅹ The writer author/ points out that…
    Ⅹ The author argues that…
    Ⅹ The writer explains that…
    Ⅹ The writer suggests that
    Ⅹ The writer is of the opinion that…
    Ⅹ The passage explains that…
    Ⅹ The passage makes the point that…
    Ⅹ The point made in the passage is that…
    Ⅹ One essential point made in the passage is that…
    Ⅹ The writer makes the point that…
    Ⅹ It is pointed out in the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is explained in the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is suggested in the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is obvious from the passage that…
    Ⅹ It is clear from the passage that…
    Ⅹ As (it is) pointed out in the passage,…
    Ⅹ As (it is) mentioned in the passage,…
    Ⅹ As explained in the passage that…
    Ⅹ We see in the passage that…

    2) Yorum Sorular覺: Bu sorular sizi urat覺racak olanlard覺r. Yorum yaparak se癟eneklerden hangisinin doru olduunu soran soru t羹r羹d羹r. (Anlam覺yorsan覺z vakit kaybetmeyin)

    rnek yorum Soru K繹kleri:
    One understands from the passage that…
    One infers from the passage that…
    One can/ may conclude from the passage that…
    One can/may infer from the passage that…
    The author concludes that
    From the passage we undewrstand that…
    From the passage we learn that…
    We learn from the passege that…
    We can undewrstand from the passage that…
    We can infer from the passage that…
    As (it) can be understood from the passage…
    As we learn from the passage…
    As we can understand from the passage…
    It can be inferred from the passage that…
    It is understood from the passage…
    The passage implies that
    It is implied in the passage that
    It is shown in the passage that..

    3) Ana Fikir Sorular覺: Par癟an覺n en genel c羹mlesi onun ana fikridir. Ana fikir sorular覺n覺n genellikle geni zamanda olduuna dikkat ediniz ( 襤p Ucu)

    Ana fikir Sorular覺na rnekler:
    Ⅹ The passage is mainly concerned with…
    Ⅹ The pasage largely deals with…
    Ⅹ The main concern of the passage…
    Ⅹ The main subject of the passage…
    Ⅹ The main idea of the passage is that…
    Ⅹ Tha main point of the message is that…
    Ⅹ Tha main argumant of the passage is that…
    Ⅹ The passage describes…
    Ⅹ The passage emphasizes…
    Ⅹ The passage gives a general account of…
    Ⅹ In this passage, the writer has set out…

襤NG襤L襤ZCE OKUMA VE PARAGRAF SORULARINDA D襤KKAT ED襤LMES襤 GEREKEN BALALAR

Eer size verilen paragraf veya c羹mlede “that is”, “in other words”, “namely”, “that is to say” bala癟lar覺 kullan覺lm覺 ise daha 繹nce verilen c羹mlenin a癟覺klamas覺 verilmi demektir. Bu bala癟lar覺 g繹rd羹羹n羹z zaman 繹nceki c羹mle ile ilgili soru beklemelisiniz.

Bu bala癟lar覺n yard覺m覺 ile sadece paragraf veya okuma sorular覺 deil, ayr覺ca verilen c羹mleyi en iyi tamamlayacak c羹mleyi bulma sorular覺 da 癟繹z羹lebilir. rnein eer bize “That is” gibi bir bala癟tan 繹nceki c羹mlenin ne olduu soruluyorsa soruyu 癟繹zmek gayet kolayd覺r.

rnek
____________ That is, he was punnished to be executed.
a) The murderer was sentenced to death.
b) The murderer was arrested

Bu bala癟lar覺n T羹rk癟e tam kar覺l覺klar覺 繹yledir:
That is = yani…
On other words = baka bir deile
Namely = yani
That is to say = diyeceim o ki, yani

rnekler:

– The murderer was sentenced to death. That is, he was punnished to be executed.
” sentenced to death = punnished to be executed”
– All the newspapers were trying to influence the minister. In other words, they were trying to change his mind.
“influence the minister = “change his mind”
– All the newspapers were trying to influence the minister. Namely, they were trying to change his mind.
“influence the minister = “change his mind”

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