‘s ve of Kullan覺m覺

grammer

‘S VE “OF”

  1. ‘s yap覺s覺n覺n kullan覺ld覺覺 yerler

1.1. (a/the) + kii / hayvan ismi + isim

– the manager’s office
– Mr Evan’s daughter
– the horse’s tail
– a policeman’s hat

1.2. (a/the) + organizasyon ismi + isim

– the Government’s decision
– the company’s success

Bu yap覺y覺 “the A of B” kullanarak oluturmak da m羹mk羹nd羹r.

1.3. (a/the) + yer ismi + isim

– the city’s new theatre
– Britain’s system of government
– Turkey’s largest dam

1.4. tekil isim + isim

– my sister’s room
– Mr Carter’s house

oul isim + isim durumunda ‘s yerine sadece kullan覺labilir.

– my sisters’ room
– the Carters’ house

1.5. zaman belirten isim + isim

– Tomorrow’s meeting has been canceled.
– I’ve got a week’s holiday.
three weeks holiday.

Bu c羹mlede “three weeks’ holiday” yerine “a holiday of three weeks”, ya da “a three week holiday” demek te m羹mk羹n.

1.6. bir hayvan ismi + o hayvandan 羹retilen ey

– cow’s milk
– lamb’s wool
– a bird’s egg
– goat’s cheese

Bir 羹r羹n elde etmek i癟in o hayvan 繹ld羹r羹lm羹 ise,

– calf-skin
– chicken soup
– a lamb chop
– fox fur

1.7. bir hayvan ismi + hayvan覺n v羹cudunun bir par癟as覺

– a sheep’s heart
– a frog’s leg

1.8. kullanan kii + kullan覺lan ey

– a girl’s blouse
– a children’s hospital
– a bird’s nest

Kullanan kiinin eylem 羹zerinde bir denetimi yoksa aa覺daki yap覺 da kullan覺labilir.

– baby clothes
– a dog kennel
– a birdcage

  1. “Of” yap覺s覺n覺n kullan覺ld覺覺 yerler

2.1. (a/the) + isim + nesne ismi

– the door of the room
– the beginning of the story

Bu yap覺da ‘s kullan覺labilirse de “A of B” yap覺s覺 daha iyidir.

2.2. (a/the) + isim + organizasyon ismi

– the decision of the Government
– the success of the company

Bu yap覺y覺 ‘s ile oluturmak da m羹mk羹nd羹r.

2.3. (a/the) + isim + uzun tekil isim

– I met the wife of the man who lent us the money.

2.4. all, both, each, either, neither, none ile kullan覺labilir.

  1. a) all (=hepsi de)
    the
    all + (of) + my/your/.. + isim/this/that
    (these/..)

– All (of) my friends like riding.
– I’ve all (of) the books.
– I’ve stopped believing all (of) that years ago.

襤smin belirleyici yap覺 (the, my, ..) ta覺mamas覺 durumunda “of” kullan覺lmaz.

– All whisky is expensive
– All children can be naughty sometimes.

“you, us, them, ..” kullan覺lmas覺 durumunda sadece “all of” yap覺s覺 kullan覺labilir.

– All of them enjoy dancing.
– All of you are wrong.
– They want to see all of us.

“All” yerine “every” kullan覺labilir. Ancak, “all of” yerine “every one of” gelir.

– He interviewed every one of us.

  1. b) both (=ikisi de)

the
both + (of) my/your/ + isim/this/that
(these/..)

– Both (of) the cars broke down before the start.

both + (of) + these/those + (isim)

– Both (of) vases are antique.

both of + us/you/them

– Both of us were there.

both + isim

– Both children have been to Rome.

  1. c) each (=herbiri de)

each + tekil isim

– He is getting better each day.

the
each + (of) my/your/ + isim/this/that
(these/..)

– Each of his daughters is a university graduate.

each of us/you/them

– The police will question each of them.

  1. d) either (= ya … ya da/ikisinden biri)

either + tekil isim

– Either day will do.

the
either + (of) my/your/ + isim/this/that
(these/..)

– Either of your friends is welcome.

either of + us/you/them

– Either of you could do it.

  1. e) neither (= ne … ne de)

neither + tekil isim

– Neither job will meet his requirements.

the
neither + (of) my/your/ + isim/this/that
(these/..)

– He said neither of the books was suitable.

neither of + us/you/them

– Neither of us knows the correct answer.

  1. f) none (= hi癟biri de)

the
none + (of) my/your/ + isim/this/that
(these/..)

– None of the books was there.

none of us/you/them

– None of us knows the correct answer.

  1. Of … , c羹mle

– Of late, I haven’t been feeling well.
Son zamanlarda, kendimi iyi hissetmiyorum.

– Of all the people applied, I was found suitable for the post.
(=Out of all the people who applied …)
T羹m bavuranlar i癟inde, ben ie uygun bulundum.

  1. of + nitelik / nicelik belirten kelime + isim

– It is of no use to try and solve it.
– This is of great importance.

Bu yap覺da, asl覺nda, T羹rk癟e’ye aktar覺m esnas覺nda yap覺lmas覺 gereken ey yap覺daki ismi, kendisinden 繹nce gelen ve nitelik/nicelik belirten kelimeyi de g繹z繹n羹nde bulundurarak, s覺fat haline getirmektir. Yani,

– It is of no use to …

yap覺s覺

– It is useless to .. (“of” kelimesini “to bear = ta??mak” ile edeer tutarak)

eklinde, ya da

– This is of great importance

c羹mlesi

– This is very important

eklinde ele al覺nmal覺 ve sonra T羹rk癟e’ye aktar覺lmal覺d覺r.

 

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