Inversion – Devrik Yap覺 (T羹rk癟e, Anla覺labilir ve Detayl覺 Anlat覺m)

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DEVR襤K YAPI (= INVERSION)

  1. Tan覺m

C羹mle i癟indeki normal yap覺n覺n (S+V+O) vurgu salamak amac覺 deitirilmesidir. Bu yap覺da ya yard覺mc覺 y羹klem [1] (as覺l y羹klemin “be” olmas覺 durumunda y羹klemin kendisi [2]) ya da 繹zneyi niteleyen s覺fat [3] 繹znenin 繹n羹nde yer almaktad覺r.

– We came late, and so did he. [1]
– We are here, and so is he. [2]
– Tired as he was, he went on walking. [3]

  1. Kullan覺m

Aa覺daki kullan覺m 繹rneklerinde g繹sterilen kelime ve yap覺lar, c羹mle i癟inde bu 繹rneklerde verilen konumlar覺nda (c羹mle ba覺nda vs.) olmalar覺 durumunda sadece devrik yap覺da kullan覺labilmektedir. rnein,

– You can nowhere find a better friend

c羹mlesinde “never” kelimesi c羹mlede ortalarda yer almaktad覺r ve c羹mlede devrik yap覺 s繹z konusu deildir. Oysa “never” kelimesi 9.2.1 maddesinde de ele al覺nd覺覺 gibi, c羹mlenin ba覺na al覺nd覺覺nda, daima devrik yap覺 ile kullan覺l覺r.

– Nowhere can you find a better friend.

Devrik yap覺lar覺n T羹rk癟e’ye aktar覺m覺 esnas覺nda, m羹mk羹nse, devrik yap覺n覺n salad覺覺 vurgunun verilmesine 癟aba g繹stermek gerekir.

2.1. Zaman ve yer belirten yap覺lar ile

Zaman ve yer belirten

at no time, hardly … when, never, no sooner … than, not till, nowhere, only, only after, only then/when, rarely, scarcely, scarcely … when, seldom

yap覺lar覺 ile kullan覺l覺r.

– At no time was he aware of the facts.
Hi癟 bir zaman, ger癟eklerin fark覺nda deildi.

– Hardly/Scarcely had I said hello when he punched me.
Daha yeni merhaba demitim ki beni yumruklad覺.

– Never before have I received such a nice present.
Daha 繹nce hi癟 bu kadar g羹zel bir hediye almam??t覺m.

– No sooner had I said hello than he punched me.
Daha yeni merhaba demitim ki beni yumruklad覺.

– Not till he got home did he understand what the joke was.
Ne zamanki eve vard覺, ancak o zaman espriyi anlayabildi. /Eve varana kadar espriyi anlayamad覺.

– Nowhere can you find a better servant.
Hi癟biryerde (bundan) daha iyi bir hizmet癟i bulamazs覺n.

– Only here do they sell octopus meat.
Ahtapot eti sadece burada sat覺l覺r.

– Only after a year did she start to talk to me again.
Ancak bir y覺l sonra benimle yeniden konumaya balad覺.

– Only then did I see that the plan was faulty.
Plan覺n hatal覺 olduunu ancak o zaman anlad覺m.

– Rarely could we get fresh bread.
Taze ekmek bulmak bir mucizeydi.

– Scarcely / Seldom had he been late.
Hemen hi癟 ge癟 kalmam覺t覺.

2.2. Koul belirten yap覺lar ile

Koul belirten

in no circumstances, in no way, only by, only this way, only when, on no account, under no circumstances

yap覺lar覺 ile kullan覺l覺r.

– In / Under no circumstances are we authorised to seal this document.
Hi癟bir koulla bu belgeye damga vurmaya yetkili deiliz.

– In no way can your money be refunded.
Paran覺z hi癟bir koulla geri 繹denemez.

– Only in this way were we able to make the car start.
Arabay覺 sadece bu ekilde 癟al覺t覺rabildik.

– Only by pushing were we able to start the car.
Arabay覺 ancak iterek 癟al覺t覺rabildik.

– Only when he became ill did he appreciate the central heating.
Ne zamanki hastaland覺, merkezi 覺s覺tman覺n k覺ymetini o zaman anlad覺.

– On no account are people allowed to eat in the theatre building.
Hi癟bir ekilde tiyatro binas覺nda yiyecek yenemez.

2.3. Not only, so, neither, nor ile

– Not only did they steal his money, but they also beat him.
Sadece paras覺n覺 癟almakla kalmad覺lar, bir de d繹vd羹ler.

– We all like horror films, and so does my father.
Hepimiz korku filmlerinden holan覺yoruz; babam da.

– “I’m not hungry.”
– “Neither / Nor am I.”

– He didn’t protest, nor did he say a single word.
Protesto etmedii gibi tek bir kelime de etmedi.

2.4. so / such … that ile

– So delicious was the meal that we couldn’t help wondering whether it was really Jane who had cooked it.
Yemek o kadar lezzetliydi ki bir an yemei yapan覺n ger癟ekten de Jane olup olmad覺覺n覺 merak ettik.

2.5. Yer belirten “preposition”lar ile

– In came Tom.
(Ve) i癟eri Tom girdi.

– Up jumped two large dogs.
Yukar覺 iki iri k繹pek z覺plad覺.

– Round the corner walked a policeman.
Bir polis memuru k繹eyi d繹nd羹.

– Under the table was lying a huge dog.
Masan覺n alt覺nda koskoca bir k繹pek yat覺yordu.

2.6. Comparative clause ile

– His answer was shameful; equally regrettable was his behaviour.
Verdii yan覺t utan癟 vericiydi – davran覺覺 da bir okadar 羹z羹c羹yd羹.

– A year ago two crashes occurred at the corner, and more recently has come the news of a third.
Bir y覺l 繹nce bu k繹ede iki kaza oldu, ve u yak覺nlarda bir 羹癟羹nc羹s羹n羹n haberi geldi.

2.7. Condition clause ile

– Should there be a delay, call me.
Bir gecikme olursa beni ara.

– Had we known about your coming, we could have met you at the airport.
Geliinden haberimiz olsayd覺 seni havaalan覺nda kar覺lard覺k.

2.8. Concession clause ile

– Hard as you may study, I doubt you’ll pass.
Ne kadar 癟ok 癟al覺san da ge癟eceinden kukuluyum.

2.9. Reason clause ile

– Tired as he was, he stopped walking.
Yorgun olduu i癟in y羹r羹meyi kesti.

2.10. Similarity and Comparison clause ile

– Tom was a man of power, as had his father been.
Eskiden babas覺n覺n olduu gibi Tom da kudretli bir adamd覺.

2.11. eitli s覺fatlarla

– Little did we imagine that the whole Soviet Union would collapse.
Sovyetler Birlii’nin 癟繹kecei akl覺m覺zdan bile ge癟mezdi.

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