Contrast Clause – Z覺tl覺k C羹mleleri (T羹rk癟e, Anla覺labilir ve Detayl覺 Anlat覺m)

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CONTRAST CLAUSE

Yap覺 olarak “Concession Clause” ile ayn覺d覺r. “Whereas, while, whilst” ile oluturulur ve T羹rk癟e’ye en basit olarak “oysa” kelimesi ile aktar覺l覺r.

REASON CLAUSE

  1. CMLE 襤LE KULLANILANLAR

1.1. Because, As, For, Since

T羹rk癟e’ye “y羹klem + -I i癟in / -IndEn 繹t羹r羹 / dolay覺”, “y羹klem + -mEsI nedeniyle / sebebiyle” eklinde aktar覺l覺rlar.

– Because he worked so hard, he deserved a holiday.
O kadar 癟ok 癟al覺t覺覺 i癟in bir tatili haketti.

“As” kelimesi devrik yap覺 kullan覺larak da “Reason Clause” oluturabilir. Ayn覺 yap覺 “Concession Clause” i癟in de ge癟erli olduu i癟in hangi anlam覺n 癟覺kar覺lmas覺 gerektiine dikkat edilmesi gerekir.

– Tired as she was, she went on walking. [Concession]
– Tired as she was, she stopped walking. [Reason]
Yorgun olduu i癟in y羹r羹meyi kesti.

1.2.
Because of
Due to
Owing to + the fact that
On account of

T羹rk癟e’ye “[ger癟ei(nden)] 繹t羹r羹 / y羹z羹nden / sayesinde” eklinde aktar覺l覺rlar.

– Owing to the fact that Tom didn’t know any French, they were able to speak comfortably in his presence.
Tom’un hi癟 Frans覺zca bilmemesinden 繹t羹r羹 onun 繹n羹nde rahat癟a konuabildiler.

  1. CMLE 襤LE KULLANILMAYANLAR

2.1. Because of, Due to, Owing to, On account of

KULLANIMI
because of
due to + isim + (“ing”) [1]
owing to + my/his/.. + “-ing” [2]
on account of

EV襤R襤S襤
T羹rk癟e’ye “because” ile ayn覺 ekilde aktar覺l覺rlar.

– Because of rain the rescue operation had to be stopped. [1]
Yamurdan 繹t羹r羹 kurtarma 癟al覺mas覺n覺n durdurulmas覺 gerekti.

– Owing to his trying to save the situation, a scandal was prevented. [2]
Onun durumu kurtarmaya 癟al覺mas覺 sayesinde bir skandal 繹nlendi.

2.2. “-ing” …,

– Seeing that it was likely to rain, he stayed in.
(=Because/When he saw …)

– Knowing their tastes, she was able to bring a good gift.
(=Because she knew …)

– Having completed the task, they had a break
(=Because/After they had completed …)

2.3. Past participle (= V3)

Bu yap覺 edilgen (= passive) 繹zellik ta覺r.

– Constructed according to my specifications, the building was able to withstand the eartquake.
(=Because it was constructed …)

  1. D襤ER YAPILAR

3.1. As long as

KULLANIMI
as long as + c羹mle

EV襤R襤S襤
– DII s羹rece / m羹ddet癟e

– As long as he doesn’t disturb me, it is okay.
Beni rahats覺z etmedii s羹rece sak覺ncas覺 / sorun yok.

3.2. Inasmuch as, Insomuch as

“Because” anlam覺 ta覺yan bu yap覺lar resmi durumlarda kullan覺l覺r.

– Thomas is also guilty, insomuch as he knew what they were going to do.
( …, because he knew …)

3.3. In that

KULLANIMI
in that + c羹mle

EV襤R襤S襤
-mEsI a癟覺s覺ndan/y羹z羹nden, -DII i癟in

– The evidence is invalid in that it was obtained through illegal ways.
Yasad覺覺 yollardan elde edildii i癟in delil ge癟ersiz.

3.4. Now that

“Time Clause” yap覺larda ele al覺nan “Now that” ile ayn覺 anlam覺 ta覺r.

3.5. (The reason) why

KULLANIMI
(The reason) why + c羹mle + “be” + because/that …

EV襤R襤S襤
-mE(“kii eki”)In(In) nedeni/sebebi … (-dIr)

– The reason (why) they lost is that/because they did not know the rules.
Kaybetmelerinin nedeni kurallar覺 bilmemeleridir.

3.6. While

KULLANIMI
while + c羹mle

EV襤R襤S襤
haz覺r … olduuna g繹re/-mI iken

– While you are in the kitchen, can you bring me a knife ?
Haz覺r mutfaktayken bana bir b覺癟ak getirir misin ?

3.7. With

KULLANIMI
isim + “-ing” [1]
(with) +
isim + to + y羹klem [2]

EV襤R襤S襤
“var iken”, -mekte iken, -DII i癟in, -DIIndEn 繹t羹r羹

– (With) the exams coming, we have no time for a social life. [1]
S覺navlar yakla覺(yo)rken sosyal yaant覺 i癟in hi癟 vaktimiz yok.

– With so many children to support, they both have to work. [2]
Bakmalar覺 gereken o kadar 癟ocuk varken ikisinin de 癟al??mas覺 gerek.

3.8. What with

“With” yap覺s覺 ile ayn覺d覺r.

 

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