Comparison Clause (T羹rk癟e, Anla覺labilir ve Detayl覺 Anlat覺m)

grammer

COMPARISON CLAUSE

  1. E襤TS襤ZL襤K

1.1. “… than” yap覺lar覺 ( = Comparative)

S覺fata “daha” nitelii kazand覺ran “-er” ve “more” eklenmesi ile oluan yap覺lard覺r.

s覺fat + -er / more + s覺fat + than

– She is more intelligent than she looks.
(O) g繹r羹nd羹羹nden daha zeki(dir).
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “… -dEn daha + s覺fat” eklinde aktar覺l覺r.

1.2. rather than + s覺fat / isim

Bir k覺yaslama c羹mlesi olmamas覺na kar覺n bu kullan覺m s覺k s覺k kar覺t覺r覺lmas覺ndan 繹t羹r羹 bu b繹l羹mde ele al覺nmaktad覺r.

– I’d call her hair chestnut rather than brown.
Ben onun sa癟覺na kahverengiden 癟ok/ziyade kestane diyeceim/derdim.
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “-dEn 癟ok/ziyade” yap覺s覺 ile aktar覺l覺r.

1.3. more and more / -er … -er

“Gitgide”, “daha da” anlam覺n覺 katmak amac覺 ile k覺yaslama yap覺s覺n覺n tekrarlanmas覺 gerekmektedir.

– It is getting colder and colder.
Hava gitgide souyor.

– She is becoming more and more aggressive.
Gitgide sald覺rganla覺yor.

1.4. more + isim

“More” kelimesi her zaman bir s覺fat覺 nitelemez. Bazan bir ismin niceliinin belirtilmesinde de kullan覺labilir.

– More people than ever leave their villages for a major city.
imdiye kadar olduundan daha fazla / G繹r羹lmedik say覺da insan b羹y羹k ehirde yaamak i癟in k繹y羹n羹 terkediyor.

1.5. “most” ve “-est” yap覺lar覺 ( = Superlative )

S覺fata “en” nitelii kazand覺ran “most” ya da “-est” yap覺lar覺n覺n eklen-mesi ile oluturulur.

the/my/.. + isim + s覺fat + -est / most + s覺fat

– My biggest contribution is this monument.
Benim en b羹y羹k katk覺m bu an覺t(d覺r).
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “en + s覺fat + isim” eklinde aktar覺l覺r.

1.6. most + isim

襤sim ile kullan覺ld覺覺 zaman “most” kelimesi bir k覺yaslama nitelii getirmemektedir.

– Most people do not care about the dangers of pollution.
ou insan kirliliin tehlikelerine ald覺r覺 etmemekte.
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “癟ou + isim” eklinde aktar覺l覺r.

1.7. The + comparative, the + comparative

– The sooner you come the better (it is).
Ne kadar erken gelirsen o kadar iyi (olur).
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “ne kadar … o kadar” ile aktar覺l覺r.

  1. E襤TL襤K

2.1. as + s覺fat / zarf + as

– He is as tall as I am / me.
(O) benim kadar uzun boylu(dur).
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “kadar” kullan覺larak aktar覺labilir.
“As” yap覺s覺 birden fazla anlam i癟in kullan覺labilir. Ayr覺nt覺l覺 bilgi i癟in parantez i癟inde verilen b繹l羹me bak覺lmas覺 gerekmektedir.

as well as – He can’t dance as well as me. (“Comparison”)

– She is clever as well as (being) beautiful. [=yan覺s覺ra]

as long as – My hair is as long as his. (“Comparison”)

– I’ll work as long as I live. (“Time”)
– He can come as long as he is sober. (“Condition”)

as soon as – I’ll come in as soon as five minutes. (“Comparison”)

– As soon as she saw him, she fainted. (“Time”)

as far as – I went as far as Istanbul. (“Comparison”)

– As far as I know, she is a vet. (“Comment”)

2.2. the same + isim + as

– He earns the same (money) as me / I do.
Benimle ayn覺 paray覺 kazan覺yor. / Benim kadar kazan覺yor.

  1. YETERL襤L襤K VE FAZLALIK

3.1. S覺fat / zarf + enough (for so.) to + y羹klem

– The water is acidic enough to scare people.
Su insanlar覺 ka癟覺rtacak kadar asitli.
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “- EcEk / – EbIlEcEk” ile aktar覺l覺r.

3.2. too + s覺fat / zarf (for so.) to + y羹klem

– It is too heavy for me to lift.
O benim kald覺ramayaca覺m kadar a覺r.
Bu yap覺 T羹rk癟e’ye “y羹klem + – EmEyEcEk kadar” ya da “y羹klem + – EbIlEcEIndEn 癟ok / fazla” yap覺lar覺 ile aktar覺labilir.

  1. MUCH/EVEN/FAR/A LOT/A LITTLE/ A BIT/ALL THE + COMPARATIVE

襤ngilizce’de k覺yaslamay覺 g羹癟lendirmek amac覺 ile comparative yap覺n覺n 繹n羹ne 癟ok ya da biraz anlam覺 ta??yan kelimeler yerletirilebilir.

Bu yap覺lar kendi balar覺na k覺yas oluturamazlar.

Yani,

* He is much experienced than the rest of the applicants

c羹mlesi hatal覺d覺r. Doru c羹mlenin

– He is much more experienced than the rest of the applicants

eklinde olmas覺 gerekir.

Bu yap覺lardan much, far, a lot, even, all the T羹rk癟e’ye 癟ok ile, a little ve a bit ise biraz/ bir par癟a ile aktar覺labilir.

  1. SO … THAT / SUCH … THAT

So … that 襤ngilizce’de

so + s覺fat + (that) [1]
so + zarf + (that) [2]
so + s覺fat + a(n) + isim + (that) [3]
so + many/much/few/little + isim + (that) [4]

such … that ise

such + s覺fat + isim + (that) [5]

eklinde oluturulur.

– The problem was so difficult that we couldn’t solve it. [1]
Problem o kadar zordu ki 癟繹zemedik.

– He spoke so eloquently that everybody congragulated him. [2]
O kadar etkili konutu ki kendisini herkes kutlad覺.

– It was so difficult a problem that we couldn’t solve it. [3]
– He has so many books that he can’t remember how many. [4]
O kadar 癟ok kitab覺 var ki say覺s覺n覺 hat覺rlayam覺yor.

– He gave such a wonderful speech that we were astounded. [5]
O kadar g羹zel bir konuma yapt覺 ki az覺m覺z a癟覺k kald覺.
Bu yap覺lar T羹rk癟e’ye “o … kadar ki” eklinde aktar覺l覺r.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *