Okuma Par癟as覺 – European Union (Avrupa Birlii)

 

avrupa-birligi-1

European Union – Avrupa Birlii

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states.

 


 

Institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors, and the European Parliament.

The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens. The EU’s de facto capital is Brussels. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. In the intervening years the community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union under its current name in 1993.

The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. The EU has developed a single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. Within the Schengen Area (which includes 22 EU and 4 non-EU states) passport controls have been abolished.

EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade,[19] agriculture, fisheries, and regional development. The eurozone, a monetary union, was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002. It is currently composed of 17 member states.

Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy the EU has developed a role in external relations and defence. Permanent diplomatic missions have been established around the world. The EU is represented at the United Nations, the WTO, the G8, and the G-20.

 

Kelimeler ve Anlamlar覺
supranational : uluslar羹st羹
intergovernmental : h羹k羹metleraras覺
trace : iz, izlemek
respectively : s覺ras覺yla, ayr覺 ayr覺
intervene : m羹dahale etmek, kar覺mak
successor : halef, varis
accession : kat覺l覺m, ulama, erime
amendment : d羹zeltme, yasa deiiklii
constitutional : anayasal
come into force : y羹r羹rl羹e girmek
abolish : fesetmek, ortadan kald覺rmak
enact : yasalat覺rmak
compose of : olumak
external : d覺, harici

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